Agile project management methodologies are those methods and practices designed to respond to change and to do work in short bursts or sprints. An agile team breaks down a project into several smaller parts and at the end of each part, a usable part of project is available.
Agile is preferred as a project management system by the It industry because of its flexibility, collaboration, short turnaround times and communication. Large projects especially benefit from agile techniques and it’s quickly overtaking the rigid traditional system.
An Agile team is able to respond to change effectively and immediately whereas older systems would have to start all over again. Projects, especially software projects, can see constant change during the project life where a client would want something new. The agile system allows for smooth integration of change.
Although the system was developed by software developers in 2001, the system has now started being integrating in other industries as well. The Agile Manifesto was officially introduced in 2001 by 17 software developers with 12 points outlining what they set out to do with this system. The points are as follows:
- Our highest priority is to satisfy the customer through early and continuous delivery
of valuable software.
- Welcome changing requirements, even late in development. Agile processes harness change for
the customer’s competitive advantage.
- Deliver working software frequently, from a couple of weeks to a couple of months, with a preference to the shorter timescale.
- Business people and developers must work together daily throughout the project.
- Build projects around motivated individuals. Give them the environment and support they need, and trust them to get the job done.
- The most efficient and effective method of conveying information to and within a development
team is face-to-face conversation.
- Working software is the primary measure of progress.
- Agile processes promote sustainable development. The sponsors, developers, and users should be able to maintain a constant pace indefinitely.
- Continuous attention to technical excellence and good design enhances agility.
- Simplicity–the art of maximizing the amount of work not done–is essential.
- The best architectures, requirements, and designs emerge from self-organizing teams.
- At regular intervals, the team reflects on how to become more effective, then tunes and adjusts
its behavior accordingly.
Benefits of the Agile Project Management System
The biggest advantage of the agile system is its ability to adapt to change. Usually with projects, clients are unaware of the requirements they have, these requirements can change constantly and having set objective based on a client’s demands when the project starts may not be efficient anymore.
The agile system thus churns out projects as well, as the name suggest, the turnaround for jobs is cut down and teams are able to work on newer jobs in shorter times. This is why the agile project management system is preferred over traditional systems, which were bound by time and the nature of the entire system.